Relationship of ARTI to incidence and prevalence of tuberculosis in a district of South India

Gopi, P G and Subramani, R and Santha, T and Radhakrishnan, S and Chandrasekaran, V and Rajeswari, R and Balasubramanian, R and Thomas, A and Muniyandi, M and Narayanan, P R (2006) Relationship of ARTI to incidence and prevalence of tuberculosis in a district of South India. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, 53 (3). pp. 123-134. ISSN 0019-5705

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Abstract

Background: Performance of tuberculosis (TB) control programme depends on the functioning of health facilities (HFs). TB control programmes have been evaluated based on the programme indicators of conversion and cure. We have attempted to correlate the programme performance based on the availability of staff and their performance at the HF level. Objective: To correlate the performance of HFs to programme indicators, conversion and cure of patients treated under DOTS, in a district of south India. Design: Analysis of the data on new sputum smear-positive cases registered in 17 HFs during 1999-2003 was undertaken using TB register. The HFs with a low conversion or cure rates were identified and the reasons for the same were analysed. A scoring system was designed for the functioning of the HFs based on staff availability, supervision and review meetings which was correlated with programme performance. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Results: Of 1893 new smear-positive patients registered during the study period, conversion was 1582 (83.6%) with cure rate of 76.4% (1447 of 1893), 254 (13.4%) default, 94 (5.0%) failure and 85 (4.5%) death. The conversion rates increased from 76% in 1999 to 87% in 2003; a statistically significant trend (c2 = 15.9; P<0.001). Similarly, a significant increase in trend (c2 = 4.0; P < 0.05) was observed in cure rates also (71 to 80%). The HFs were broadly classified into four groups namely; poor, fair, good and very good based on functioning scores .Correlation co-efficient was 0.77 between functioning of the HFs and conversion, and 0.76 between functioning and cure (P<0.01). Lack of regular review meetings was found to be independently associated with poor programme performance. Conclusion: Availability of staff such as Medical Officer, Laboratory Technician, and regular supervisory visits and review meetings are essential for a well functioning of programme. There is significant impact on DOTS with good functioning of HFs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: TB, conversion, cure, performance, DOTS
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Epidemiological Research
Divisions: Epideimology
Depositing User: Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2013 09:42
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2016 05:29
URI: http://eprints.nirt.res.in/id/eprint/751

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