Tuberculous infection in Saharia, a primitive tribal community of Central India

Rao, V G and Gopi, P G and Yadav, R and Sadacharam, K and Bhat, J and Subramani, R and Anvikar, A R and Tiwari, B K and Vasantha, M and Bhondeley, M K and Gadge, V and Eusuff, S I and Shukla, G P (2008) Tuberculous infection in Saharia, a primitive tribal community of Central India. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 102 (9). pp. 898-904. ISSN Print: 0035-9203; Online:1878-3503

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Abstract

A cross-sectional tuberculin survey was carried out to estimate the prevalence of tuberculous infection and the annual risk of tuberculosis infection (ARTI) among children of Saharia, a primitive ethnic group in Madhya Pradesh, Central India. A total of 1341 children aged 1—9 years were subjected to tuberculin testing with 1 TU of PPD RT 23 and the reaction sizes were read after 72 h. The proportion of BCG scar-positive children was 34.6%. The frequency distribution of children by reaction sizes indicated a clear-cut anti-mode at 11mm and a mode at 18mm at the right-hand side of the distribution. The prevalence of infection among children irrespective of BCG scar was estimated as 20.4% (95% CI 18.2—22.5%) and the ARTI was 3.9% (95% CI 3.5—4.3%). The corresponding figures were 21.1% (95% CI 18.3—23.8%) and 3.9% (95% CI 3.4—4.5%) among BCG scar-negative children and 19.0% (95% CI 15.4—22.5%) and 4.0% (95% CI 3.2—4.8%) among BCG scar-positive children. The findings of the present study show a high prevalence of tuberculous infection and high ARTI in this primitive ethnic group. There is an urgent need to further intensify tuberculosis control measures on a sustained and long-term basis in this area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tuberculosis; Tuberculin tests; Prevalence; Cross-sectional survey; Population groups; India
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Epidemiological Research
Tuberculosis
Divisions: Epideimology
Depositing User: Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2017 11:24
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2017 11:24
URI: http://eprints.nirt.res.in/id/eprint/906

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