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A pilot study on willingness to participate in future preventive HIV vaccine trials

Suhadev, Mohanarani and Nyamathi, A M and Swaminathan, Soumya and Venkatesan, P and Raja Sakthivel, M and Shenbagavalli, R and Suresh, Anitha and Fahey, J L (2006) A pilot study on willingness to participate in future preventive HIV vaccine trials. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 124 (Dec). pp. 631-640. ISSN 0971-5916

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Background & objectives: In India, phase-I human clinical trials for a preventive HIV vaccine are being conducted at Pune and Chennai Centres. In order to find out the willingness of populations at risk to participate in future preventive HIV vaccine trials (HIVVTs) and to assess the factors that enhance or deter them from participation, a study was conducted at Chennai and Madurai in Tamil Nadu. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among transport workers, people attending sexually transmitted infection clinics, injection drug users, men having sex with men, women in sex industry and a representative sample of monogamous married women, by employing measurement scales. A structured questionnaire on knowledge and attitudes about the HIV vaccine was used to measure the participants’ knowledge and attitudes about HIV vaccine and HIVVTs. Results: Of the 112 participants, 67 (60%) were men. Mean age of the respondents was 32 yr; 68 per cent were high school educated. Majority of respondents were willing to participate in a future HIVVT and the reasons were altruism, protection from HIV, and support for the researchers. Major concerns were vaccine efficacy, side effects of the vaccine and the impact of a HIV vaccine on the participants’ lives. Majority (85%) agreed that sex without condom would not be safe despite the availability of an HIV vaccine. Interpretation & conclusion: It is likely that high-risk volunteers will be willing to enroll in HIVVTs. Barriers and concerns should be dealt with carefully by providing correct information. Also there is a need for more education to ensure participants’ understanding of key concepts of HIV vaccine trial.

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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: High-risk groups, HIV vaccine trial concepts, India, willingness to participate
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Socio Behavioral
Divisions: Social and Behavioural Research
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2013 05:26
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2016 06:31

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