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Value of dual testing for identifying tuberculous infection

Radhakrishna, S and Frieden, T R and Subramani, R and Narayanan, P R (2006) Value of dual testing for identifying tuberculous infection. Tuberculosis, 86 (1). pp. 47-53. ISSN Print:1472-9792; Online: 1873-281X

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Setting: A rural community in Chingleput district in Tamil Nadu state in south India. Objective: To determine the value of dual testing with PPD-S and PPD-B for identifying subjects with a tuberculous infection. Design: About 240,000 subjects in rural south India, all of whom were tested initially with PPD-S and PPD-B, were followed up for 15 years, mainly by total population survey once in every 212 years. The incidence of culture-positive tuberculosis was estimated using life-table technique. Results: Among 17,530 subjects with an intermediate reaction (8–11 mm) to PPD-S at intake, 285 with an induration to PPD-S exceeding the induration to PPD-B by at least 2 mm, had a significantly higher incidence of culture-positive tuberculosis than the remaining (154 and 93 per 100,000), and similarly 481 who had an induration of o10mm to PPD-B compared to those with X10mm (131 and 93 per 100,000). These subjects may be regarded as having a tuberculous infection. Infection with non-tuberculous mycobacteria conferred protection of about 30% against the development of tuberculosis over a 15-year period. Conclusion: In subjects with an intermediate reaction (8–11 mm) to PPD-S, dual testing with PPD-B enabled identification of those with a tuberculous infection. Most of the reactions were due to non-tuberculous mycobacteria.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dual testing; PPD-S; PPD-B; Identifying infected
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Laboratory Research > Immunological
Divisions: Statistics
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2013 09:02
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2016 06:18

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