A national-level analysis of life expectancy associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in India.

Muniyandi, Malaisamy and Singh, Pravin Kumar and Aanandh, Yamini and Karikalan, Nagarajan and Padmapriyadarsini, Chandrasekaran (2022) A national-level analysis of life expectancy associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in India. Frontiers in public health, 10. p. 1000933. ISSN 2296-2565

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BACKGROUND From a demographic perspective, the impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) on life expectancy is not clear. Hence, there is a need to study the number of years of life lost concerning the existing average life expectancy due to COVID-19 in India. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to estimate the impact of life expectancy due to the COVID-19 pandemic in India. METHODOLOGY We considered day-wise age-specific mortality due to COVID-19 which was extracted from the COVID-19 data repository from March 11, 2020, to June 30, 2021, in India. All-cause mortality was collected from the United Nations population estimates. An abridged life table technique was utilized for calculating life expectancies based on all-cause mortality and mortality due to COVID-19. MortPak software was used to calculate the life expectancy with and without the COVID-19 pandemic. Life expectancy at birth in different age groups was estimated with respect to with and without COVID-19. RESULTS A total of 399,459 deaths due to COVID-19 were distributed age wise, and their corresponding life expectancy was calculated. The general mortality was compared with COVID-19 mortality for the various age groups, and it was observed that mortality due to COVID-19 was significantly higher among the elderly age group [i.e., 45 to 60 years (36%) and > 60 years (51%)] when compared with < 25 years (1%) and 26-44 years (11%) (trend Chi-square 7.59; = 0.001). The life expectancy without and with COVID-19 was 69.28 years and 69.16 years, respectively. CONCLUSION Overall, it was estimated that COVID-19 has an impact on life expectancy by 0.12 years during the study period. Even though mortality due to COVID-19 was high, factors such as lockdown, vaccination, and accidents also had an influence on mortality. Thus, there is a need to assess the impact of COVID-19 on life expectancy in future.

Affiliation: ICMR-National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: national-level, life expectancy, COVID-19, pandemic, India
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Economical Research
Divisions: Health Economics
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2023 07:09
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2023 07:14
URI: http://eprints.nirt.res.in/id/eprint/1892

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