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Cell-Mediated Immune Responses of Healthy Laboratory Volunteers to Sonicate Antigens Prepared from the Most Prevalent Strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from South India Harboring a Single Copy of IS6110

Rajavelu, Priya and Das, Sulochana D (2003) Cell-Mediated Immune Responses of Healthy Laboratory Volunteers to Sonicate Antigens Prepared from the Most Prevalent Strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from South India Harboring a Single Copy of IS6110. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology, 10 (6). pp. 1149-1152. ISSN Print: 1556-6811; Online: 1556-679X

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Abstract

Our restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) studies have shown that the most prevalent (40%) strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from South India contain a single copy of the IS6110 insertion sequence and are of importance in studying virulence and immunity. Sonicate antigens from seven such strains were used to study in vitro T-cell proliferation and gamma interferon (IFN-�) and interleukin-12 (IL-12) secretion as markers of protective immunity in 25 healthy subjects positive for purified protein derivative (PPD). The standard PPD and heat-killed H37Rv antigens induced the maximum levels of T-cell proliferation and IFN-� secretion but low levels of IL-12. All sonicate antigens induced T-cell proliferation and IFN-� secretion with strong positive correlation. Our results suggest that sonicate antigens from the most prevalent and recent strains of M. tuberculosis from clinical isolates have the potential to induce T-cell activation and may allow newer and specific antigens to be further characterized for diagnosis and vaccine development.

NIRT Creators:
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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Formerly: Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology Newly: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Laboratory Research > Immunological
Divisions: Basic Science Research > Immunology
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2013 07:44
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2016 10:59
URI: http://eprints.nirt.res.in/id/eprint/609

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