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What is new in the diagnosis of tuberculosis? Part I; Techniques for diagnosis of tuberculosis

Ramachandran, R and Paramasivan, C N (2003) What is new in the diagnosis of tuberculosis? Part I; Techniques for diagnosis of tuberculosis. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, 50 (3). pp. 133-141. ISSN 0019-5705

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Abstract

Despite the discovery of the tubercle bacillus more than a hundred years ago, and all the advances in our knowledge of the disease made since then, tuberculosis still remains one of the major health problems facing mankind, particularly in developing countries. Presently, about one third of the world�s population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is estimated that currently there are about 10 million new cases of tuberculosis every year with 3 million deaths occurring world-wide1. Currently, more people die of tuberculosis than from any other infectious disease. Death from tuberculosis comprises 25% of all avoidable deaths in developing countries. Nearly 95% of all tuberculosis cases and 98% of deaths due to tuberculosis are in developing countries and 75% of tuberculosis cases are in the economically productive age group . In India, out of a total population of over 1 billion, each year about 2 million develop active disease and up to half a million die . It implies that every minute, a death occurs due to tuberculosis in our country. It also imposes a cost on our economy in terms of current and future output losses because of premature deaths and ill health . To add to the existing burden, the situation is compounded by the large scale increase of new TB cases associated with increasing HIV infection.

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Item Type: Article
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Laboratory Research > Bacteriological
Divisions: Basic Science Research > Bacteriology
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2013 08:16
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2016 11:00
URI: http://eprints.nirt.res.in/id/eprint/612

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