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HLA-DR phenotypes and IgG, IgA and IgM antibody responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture filtrate and 30 kDa antigens in pulmonary tuberculosis

Selvaraj, P and Raja, Alamelu and Kurian, S M and Uma Devi, K R and Narayanan, P R (2004) HLA-DR phenotypes and IgG, IgA and IgM antibody responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture filtrate and 30 kDa antigens in pulmonary tuberculosis. Current Science, 87 (6). pp. 771-775. ISSN 0011-3891

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Abstract

The role of HLA-DR genetic make-up on the IgG, IgA and IgM antibody response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture filtrate and 30 kDa antigens was studied in pulmonary tuberculosis. The study was carried out in HLA-DR typed active pulmonary tuberculosis (ATB) patients (n = 37), inactive (cured) pulmonary tuberculosis (ITB) patients (n = 79) and normal healthy subjects (NHS; n = 46). In ATB and ITB (cured) patients, IgG antibody (optical density at 490 nm for 1 : 3200 dilution) as measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was the predominant one than IgA and IgM antibodies. Increased IgG antibody titre to culture filtrate (P = 0.03) and decreased titre to 30 kDa antigen were observed with HLA-DR1-positive ATB patients than non-DR1 (ATB) patients. Moreover, HLA-DR4- and HLA-DR6-positive ATB patients showed trends toward an increased IgG antibody response to 30 kDa antigen than HLA-DR4- and HLADR6- negative (ATB) patients respectively. Significantly increased IgA antibody to 30 kDa antigen was observed with HLA-DR1-positive ATB patients than non-DR1 patients (P = 0.03). The study suggests that multiple HLA-DR molecules may regulate the IgG and IgA antibody responses to various proteins of M. tuberculosis. Moreover, HLA-DR phenotypes and increased IgG and IgA antibody titres may be useful to differentiate M. tuberculosis-infected subjects from normal subjects and cured patients with the same HLA-DR phenotypes or genetic make-up.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Laboratory Research > Immunological
Divisions: Basic Science Research > Immunology
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2013 11:02
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2016 10:34
URI: http://eprints.nirt.res.in/id/eprint/670

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