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Feasibility of community DOT providers for tuberculosis treatment in HIV infected individuals - A pilot study

Suhadev, M and Swaminathan, Soumya and Rajasekaran, S and Thomas, Beena E and Arunkumar, N and Muniyandi, M and Meenoladhani, D (2005) Feasibility of community DOT providers for tuberculosis treatment in HIV infected individuals - A pilot study. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, 52 (4). pp. 179-183. ISSN 0019-5705

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Abstract

Background: This paper summarises our experiences about the role of community DOT providers in management of TB treatment in HIV infected persons in a mainly rural population of Tamilnadu. Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility of employing Community DOT providers for the treatment of tuberculosis in HIV infected persons, to study patients’ acceptance of Community DOT providers in the closely-knit village communities and to find out the attitude and awareness of DOT Providers on TB and DOT. Method: A total of 62 tuberculosis patients (58 males and 4 females) with HIV infection attending the Government Hospital for Thoracic Medicine, Tambaram and Chennai between July 1999 and July 2002 were selected for this study. Patients were given all the doses under supervision (clinic-based DOT) during the initial intensive phase and through Community DOT providers in the continuation phase. Data was collected both from the patients and their DOT providers about their views on DOT, advantages of DOTS, drug intake, treatment adherence, problems faced by the patients and their DOT Providers in addition to the level of awareness of Community DOT Providers on tuberculosis and DOTS. Results: Regarding treatment adherence, 95% of 62 patients had taken >75% of drugs and 39% had taken 100% drugs. DOT was appreciated both by the patients and their DOTS Providers since it is cost-effective and patient-friendly. Conclusions: Community contribution to TB care even among HIV infected population is feasible, affordable and costeffective. There is a need for greater health education and training on tuberculosis and DOTS for community DOT Providers.

NIRT Creators:
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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV, Tuberculosis, DOT, Community DOT Providers
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Socio Behavioral
Divisions: Social and Behavioural Research
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2013 10:45
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2016 08:54
URI: http://eprints.nirt.res.in/id/eprint/702

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