Expression of CXC and CC type of chemokines and its receptors in tuberculous and non-tuberculous effusions.

Supriya, P and Sulochana, D D and Logamurthy, R (2008) Expression of CXC and CC type of chemokines and its receptors in tuberculous and non-tuberculous effusions. Cytokine, 41 (3). pp. 307-314. ISSN Print: 1043-4666; Onine: 1096-0023

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Chemokines mediate their biological functions by transmigration of various immune cells to the site of infection. Tuberculous pleurisy provides an effective model to study the role of chemokines in the recruitment of immune cells to the pleura. Our aim was to understand the cumulative effect of chemokines (IP-10, MIG, IL-8, MCP-1, MIP-1 a and RANTES) and its receptors (CXCR2, CXCR3, CCR1, CCR2, CCR5 and CCR7) in the recruitment of CD4 + T cells obtained from blood (BL) and pleural fluid (PF) of tuberculous (TB) and non-tuberculous (NTB) patients. We observed significant increase in CD4 + T cells in TB PF indicating lymphocytic rich effusion. All chemokines except RANTES were significantly high in PF compared to BL in TB group, whereas IL-8 and MCP-1 showed significant increase only in NTB PF. The significantly high . of IFN- g and TNF- a in TB PF and their positive correlation with IP-10 and MIP-1 a indicated their synergistic action to elicit a strong protective Th1 response. In spite of high levels of Th1 cytokines and chemokines in TB PF, significantly lower levels of RANTES indicated its limited role at the site. The CXC receptors in PF of both the groups and CC receptors except CCR5 in TB PF were significantly high compared to BL. Only CXCR2, CCR5 and CCR7 showed significant increase in TB compared to NTB. Thus a selective concentration of chemokines, cytokines and abundant expression of chemokine receptors confirm the accumulation of activated and memory T cells at the site of infection and help in polarizing Th1 immune response.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tuberculous pleurisy; Chemokines; Chemokine receptor; Cytokine; T cells
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Laboratory Research
Tuberculosis > Laboratory Research > Immunological
Divisions: Basic Science Research > Immunology
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 31 May 2017 10:31
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2021 10:07

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