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Correlates of Relationship, Psychological, and Sexual Behavioral Factors for HIV Risk Among Indian Women

Gupta, R N and Wyatt, G E and Swaminathan, Soumya and Rewari, B B and Locke, T F and Ranganath, Vijayalakshmi and Sumner, L A and Liu, H (2008) Correlates of Relationship, Psychological, and Sexual Behavioral Factors for HIV Risk Among Indian Women. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 14 (3). pp. 256-265. ISSN : 1099-9809; eISSN: 1939-0106

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Abstract

The rate of HIV/AIDS among women in India is expected to rise yet few studies have examined factors related to HIV risk among Indian women. The objective of this prospective, cross-sectional study was to characterize similarities and differences in the relationships, psychological well-being, and sexual behaviors among Indian women (N � 459). Both HIV positive (N � 216) and negative (N � 243) women from urban and rural areas in India were included in this study. Chi-square, analysis of variance, and logistic regression analyses revealed that in both geographic groups, HIV-positive women were significantly more likely to report marital dissatisfaction, a history of forced sex, domestic violence, depressive symptoms and husband’s extra marital sex when compared to the HIV-negative women. Findings also indicate that specific factors related to the quality of the marital relationship such as domestic violence, martial dysfunction, and depressive symptoms may be related to HIV-related risks for women. Implications for future research and culturally relevant interventions are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indian, women, HIV risk
Subjects: Tuberculosis > HIV - Basic Science
Divisions: Clinical Research
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2017 10:51
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2021 09:23
URI: http://eprints.nirt.res.in/id/eprint/895

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