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Psycho-social dysfunction: Perceived and enacted stigma among tuberculosis patients registered under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme.

Jaggarajamma, K and Ramachandran, Rajeswari and Charles, N and Chandrasekaran, V and Muniyandi, M and Ganapathy, Sudha (2008) Psycho-social dysfunction: Perceived and enacted stigma among tuberculosis patients registered under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, 55 (4). pp. 179-187. ISSN 0019-5705

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Official URL: http://medind.nic.in/ibr/t08/i4/ibrt08i4p179.pdf

Abstract

Objective: To examine the perceived and enacted stigma experienced by TB patients and the community. Methods: We interviewed 276 TB patients registered for treatment during January-March 2004 in government health facilities of two Tuberculosis Units of south India. Data on perceived and enacted stigma were collected after two months of starting treatment, using a semi-structured interview schedule. In addition, four Focus Group Discussions were conducted among Directly Observed Treatment (DOT) providers and community members. Narrative summaries were also taken down to collect additional qualitative information. Results: Of the 276 patients, 190 (69%) were males. There was no significant difference between the genders in relation to social stigma. Perceived stigma was higher than enacted stigma in both genders and significantly higher among males (Low self esteem p<0.05), change of behavior of community (p<0.05), ashamed to cough in front of others (p<0.05). Conclusion: Considering the social and emotional impact of the disease, it is essential to adopt support strategies to enhance acceptance and for a successful health programme.

NIRT Creators:
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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tuberculosis, Perceived stigma, Enacted stigma, Psycho- social dysfunction
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Socio Behavioral
Tuberculosis
Divisions: Social and Behavioural Research
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2017 09:18
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2017 09:18
URI: http://eprints.nirt.res.in/id/eprint/908

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