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Enhanced and Enduring Protection against Tuberculosis by Recombinant BCG-Ag85C and Its Association with Modulation of Cytokine Profile in Lung

Jain, R and Dey, B and Dhar, N and Rao, V and Singh, R and Gupta, U D and Katoch, V M and Ramanathan, V D and Tyagi, A K (2008) Enhanced and Enduring Protection against Tuberculosis by Recombinant BCG-Ag85C and Its Association with Modulation of Cytokine Profile in Lung. PLoS ONE, 3 (12). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1932-6203

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Background: The variable efficacy (0–80%) of Mycobacterium bovis Bacille Calmette Gure´in (BCG) vaccine against adult tuberculosis (TB) necessitates development of alternative vaccine candidates. Development of recombinant BCG (rBCG) over-expressing promising immunodominant antigens of M. tuberculosis represents one of the potential approaches for the development of vaccines against TB. Methods/Principal Findings: A recombinant strain of BCG - rBCG85C, over expressing the antigen 85C, a secretory immunodominant protein of M. tuberculosis, was evaluated for its protective efficacy in guinea pigs against M. tuberculosis challenge by aerosol route. Immunization with rBCG85C resulted in a substantial reduction in the lung (1.87 log10, p,0.01) and spleen (2.36 log10, p,0.001) bacillary load with a commensurate reduction in pathological damage, when compared to the animals immunized with the parent BCG strain at 10 weeks post-infection. rBCG85C continued to provide superior protection over BCG even when post-challenge period was prolonged to 16 weeks. The cytokine profile of pulmonary granulomas revealed that the superior protection imparted by rBCG85C was associated with the reduced levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines - interleukin (IL)-12, interferon (IFN)-c, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a, moderate levels of anti-inflammatory cytokine - transforming growth factor (TGF)-b along with up-regulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In addition, the rBCG85C vaccine induced modulation of the cytokine levels was found to be associated with reduced fibrosis and antigen load accompanied by the restoration of normal lung architecture. Conclusions/Significance: These results clearly indicate the superiority of rBCG85C over BCG as a promising prophylactic vaccine against TB. The enduring protection observed in this study gives enough reason to postulate that if an open-ended study is carried out with low dose of infection, rBCG85C vaccine in all likelihood would show enhanced survival of guinea pigs.

NIRT Creators:
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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tuberculosis, BCG-Ag85C, Cytokine, Lung
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Laboratory Research > Pathological
Divisions: Basic Science Research > Clinical Pathology
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2017 11:10
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2017 11:10

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