Phenotypic modulation in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infected neutrophil during tuberculosis

Pokkali, Supriya and Rajavelu, Priya and Sudhakar, R and Das, Sulochana D (2009) Phenotypic modulation in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infected neutrophil during tuberculosis. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 130 (2). pp. 185-192. ISSN Print: 0971-5916; Online: 0975-9174

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Background & objectives: Polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMN) or neutrophils infiltrate to the inflammatory sites and phagocytose mycobacteria thereby inhibiting the bacillary spread initially until the accumulated macrophages get activated. The present study was carried out to highlight the interaction of neutrophils with the two clinical isolates (S7 and S10) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the subsequent morphological changes. Methods: Dextran purified neutrophils from normal and TB patients infected with M. tuberculosis isolates were cultured for 3 and 18 h time points. At the end of termination, the cell surface expression of CD16, CD69, CXCR2 and induction of apoptosis were analyzed using flow cytometry. Cytokines and chemokines were estimated in supernatants by ELISA. Results: All infected PMN showed decrease in CD16 at both time points in normals while at 18 h in TB group. Interestingly, CD69 expression was significantly high at early time point in TB-PMN compared to normals. The high expression of CXCR2 was sustained in infected TB-PMN at both the time points. S7 and S10 infected neutrophils showed high phagocytic indices compared to H37Rv in both the groups. A significant increase in apoptosis was observed at both the time points in infected TB-PMN but only at 18 h in normals. Increased pro-inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α) and chemokine (IL-8) response was observed in infected neutrophils at 3 h in both the groups. Interpretation & conclusions: This study demonstrates the varying degree of modulation of neutrophil functions in both the groups. TB-PMN was more competent in amplifying the innate immune response and conferring protection at the early phase of infection. However, the response was not strain specific in either of these groups.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: apoptosis; chemokines; cytokines; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; neutrophils
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Laboratory Research > Immunological
Divisions: Basic Science Research > Immunology
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2017 11:15
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2017 11:15

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