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Pharmacokinetics of lamivudine & stavudine in generic fixed-dose combinations in HIV-1 infected adults in India

Hemanth Kumar, A K and Ramachandran, Geetha and Rajasekaran, S and Padmapriyadarshini, C and Narendran, G and Anitha, S and Subramanyam, Sudha and Kumaraswami, V and Swaminathan, Soumya (2009) Pharmacokinetics of lamivudine & stavudine in generic fixed-dose combinations in HIV-1 infected adults in India. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 130 (4). pp. 451-457. ISSN Print: 0971-5916; Online: 0975-9174

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Background & objectives: Antiretroviral drug concentrations are important determinants of clinical response to a drug accounting for both toxicity and efficacy. Several factors such as age, ethnicity, body weight and patients’ immune status may influence antiretroviral drug concentrations. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of immunological status, sex and body mass index on the steady state pharmacokinetics of lamivudine (3TC) and stavudine (d4T) in HIV-infected adults, who were undergoing treatment with generic fixed dose combinations (FDC) of these drugs in India. Methods: Twenty seven HIV-1 infected patients receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) for at least two weeks at the Government ART clinic at Tambaram, Chennai, took part in the study. Serial blood samples were collected predosing and at different time points after drug administration. Plasma 3TC and d4T levels were estimated by HPLC. Results: The patients’ immune status, sex or body mass index had no impact on the pharmacokinetics of 3TC. In the case of d4T, peak concentration was significantly lower in patients with CD4 cell counts < 200 cells/μl than those with ≥ 200 cells/ μl (P < 0.05), but were within the therapeutic range. The mean CD4 cell counts increased from 101 cells/μl at initiation of ART to 366 cells/μl at 12 months of treatment. Interpretation & conclusions: Blood levels of 3TC and d4T drugs that are part of generic FDCs commonly used by HIV-infected individuals in India were within the therapeutic range and not influenced by nutritional or immune status. There was a significant improvement in CD4 cell counts over 12 months of treatment. Indian generic FDCs manufactured and used widely in the developing world provide effective concentrations of antiretroviral drugs.

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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Generic FDCs; India; lamivudine; pharmacokinetics; stavudine
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Laboratory Research > Biochemical,Clinical and Pharmacological
Divisions: Basic Science Research > Biochemistry and Pharmacology
Depositing User: Dr. Rathinasabapati R
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2017 10:17
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2017 10:17

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